K.E.1 Understand change and observable patterns of weather that occur from day to day and throughout the year.

K.E.1.1 Infer that change is something that happens to many things in the environment based on observations made using one or more of their senses.
K.E.1.2 Summarize daily weather conditions noting changes that occur from day to day and throughout the year.
K.E.1.3 Compare weather patterns that occur from season to season.

1.E.1 Recognize the features and patterns of the earth/moon/sun system as observed from Earth.

1.E.1.1 Recognize differences in the features of the day and night sky and apparent movement of objects across the sky as observed from Earth.
1.E.1.2 Recognize patterns of observable changes in the Moon’s appearance from day to day.

2.E.1 Understand patterns of weather and factors that affect weather.

2.E.1.1 Summarize how energy from the sun serves as a source of light that warms the land, air and water.
2.E.1.2 Summarize weather conditions using qualitative and quantitative measures to describe:
  • Temperature
  • Wind direction
  • Wind speed
  • Precipitation
2.E.1.3 Compare weather patterns that occur over time and relate observable patterns to time of day and time of year.
2.E.1.4 Recognize the tools that scientists use for observing, recording, and predicting weather changes from day to day and during the seasons.

5.E.1 Understand weather patterns and phenomena, making connections to the weather in a particular place and time.

5.E.1.1 Compare daily and seasonal changes in weather conditions (including wind speed and direction, precipitation, and temperature) and patterns.
5.E.1.2 Predict upcoming weather events from weather data collected through observation and measurements.
5.E.1.3 Explain how global patterns such as the jet stream and water currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, wind direction and speed, and precipitation.
Structures & Functions of Living Organisms (5.L.1)
7.E.1 Understand how the cycling of matter (water and gases) in and out of the atmosphere relates to Earth’s atmosphere, weather and climate and the effects of the atmosphere on humans.

7.E.1.1 Compare the composition, properties and structure of Earth’s atmosphere to include: mixtures of gases and differences in temperature and pressure within layers.
7.E.1.2 Explain how the cycling of water in and out of the atmosphere and atmospheric conditions relate to the weather patterns on Earth.
7.E.1.3 Explain the relationship between the movement of air masses, high and low pressure systems, and frontal boundaries to storms (including thunderstorms, hurricanes, and tornadoes) and other weather conditions that may result.
7.E.1.4 Predict weather conditions and patterns based on information obtained from:
  • Weather data collected from direct observations and measurement (wind speed and direction, air temperature, humidity and air pressure)
  • Weather maps, satellites and radar
  • Cloud shapes and types and associated elevation
7.E.1.5 Explain the influence of convection, global winds and the jet stream on weather and climatic conditions.
7.E.1.6 Conclude that the good health of humans requires: monitoring the atmosphere, maintaining air quality and stewardship.

Earth & Environmental
EEn.2.5 Understand the structure of and processes within our atmosphere.

EEn.2.5.1 Summarize the structure and composition of our atmosphere.
EEn.2.5.2 Explain the formation of typical air masses and the weather systems that result from air mass interactions.
EEn.2.5.3 Explain how cyclonic storms form based on the interaction of air masses.
EEn.2.5.4 Predict the weather using available weather maps and data (including surface, upper atmospheric winds, and satellite imagery).
EEn.2.5.5 Explain how human activities affect air quality.